In Memoriam – Demostenes Molinar


15 June 1932—23 April 2011
Shipwreck Treasure Legend

The shipwreck salvage community was devastated by the news on April 24th that our Dear Friend and Idol, Mo, had died suddenly, at home, the day before. It is almost inexpressible — the sinking hollowness that this jingling on the e-mail grapevine brought to us. I have never received or sent so many e-notes on any subject previous to this one.

I had just spoken with Mo at the sub-contractors’ meeting in March, where he came up to me and said, “Ernie, I need to talk with you; I have your number at home and will call you.” That call never came … for some reason or other. Now, he can never tell me what he needed.

At his service, Ellie and I went up to him, and I said, placing my hand on his shoulder, “Mo, you should have called. I would have answered. Thank you for being the friend that you were, and thank you for being the guiding light for so many of us who followed you. You have a big place in our hearts … forever. Vaya con Dios, Buen Amigo.”

In the photo above, Mo was attending one of the many annual subcontractor meetings held at the Holiday Inn Oceanside in Vero Beach. You know, right across A1A from Route 60 at the Atlantic. He was saying (thumbs up) “Awrriiight”, a “hippie” expression he latched onto in the ‘70s. Bob Weller had asked me to take pix of all the movers and shakers attending that day so we could continue writing the articles, books and magazines that we put out over the next 20 years. I took each “subject” out in front of the motel, in turn, and “shot” him under a palm tree in the parking lot.

A humble, black, Panamanian engine mechanic, Mo was reluctant to correct the way anyone spelled his name … or what they called him. His given name was Demostenes, variously spelled Demosthenes or Demostines. It was easier to call him “Mo” …as Mel Fisher first called him… and even that was alternately spelled “Moe”. Another of the monikers he responded to from close friends was “Mo-Mo.” In his native tongue, his family name, Molinar, translates to “a place where there are mills … or a milling-plant”, likely derived from where his predecessors originated or what they did for a living. Best known as “Mo Molinar”, he was …hands down… the person who found more gold treasure on Florida shipwrecks than anyone else in the business!

Mel Fisher first hired Mo, when he met him in Panamá, on an excursion into the Caribbean from California on a search for treasure. Mel, always the promoter, had asked Mo, “Do you want to go to Disney Land?”

In a short time, Mo realized that hunting sunken treasure was what he wanted to do, and he joined Fisher in a fantastic journey that lasted for decades. As far as I’m concerned, Mo had the Midas Touch. It was he who first saw the famous “carpet of gold” at the 1715 site of the NIEVES (or “Colored Beach”) at Fort Pierce, where he surfaced with a 7-1/2-pound disc of solid gold, laying the grounds for that stretch of Florida strands being named the “Treasure Coast”.

It was also Mo who discovered some of the earliest gold valuables and artifacts from the fabulous treasure wrecks of the Atocha and the Santa Margarita of 1622 off Key West. When he and his now-famous salvage vessel, Virg-A-Lona, returned to the Treasure Coast of Florida, Mo was to garner further fame as a treasure-finder by recovering nearly 1,000 Spanish colonial gold coins of the 1715 Fleet in the 1980s. During all the ensuing media to-do, Mo maintained his humble demeanor and was successful as owner of “Mo Divers” and an inspiration to us all in the industry. What a loss!

We who could reach Ft. Pierce on such short notice, and those of us at a distance, were physically and spiritually present at Mo’s final tribute in Fort Pierce on 28 April 2011. Good-Bye, Good Friend!

Demostenes Molinar is survived by his wife, Mary, his sons Dexter and Demostenes, Jr.; his daughters Estel of Panamá and Tanita and Jolla of Ft. Pierce; sister Adelaida Aikens and brother José Molinar of Panamá; three grand-daughters and two grand-sons; and a host of other relatives. His many, loyal friends and followers are innumerable.

Stories about your personal connection with Mo are gratefully appreciated by his family.

Condolences may be addressed to:
Mrs. Mary Molinar & Family
802 North 35th Street
Fort Pierce, FL 34947-5807

Text and Photo: Ernie Richards in PLVS VLTRA Newsletter, 2nd-Q 2011, with permission.

3 thoughts on “In Memoriam – Demostenes Molinar”

  1. Never actually met MO but knew him well through all the book about Mel and I did know Mel well and Dio and their children…MO was a standout out forever in this business and a great guy from everyone I have ever spoken to…

  2. In 2009 I was fortunate enough to be a part of a film crew that filmed a documentary on the crew of the Gold Hound, along with Mo Molinar. The made for TV documentary was called, “Treasure Coast”. (I was associate producer and location/field sound engineer). The highlight of the 12 days of shooting was the day I was asked by Mo to dive with him to look for treasure from 1700’s fleet. I can now say, very proudly, that I was able to dive for treasure with the legendary Mr. Molinar. During the dive with Mo I was able to find a palm-sized piece of pottery from the wreckage. Being the first human to touch and hold that piece of history in almost 300 years still sends shivers down my spine. The crew of the Gold Hound was respectful to the end with their findings, making sure to legally and properly catalog each and every find. (I was especially respectful of this).

    Shortly after returning home from the film shoot I learned of the untimely death of fellow Gold Hound treasure diver, Jeff Croy. I quickly threw together the following 30 min documentary about my experiences with the crew and posted it on my YouTube channel. The behind-the-scenes footage and audio in the video attached below was captured and edited 100% by myself during the shoot.

    Sadly, I was unaware of Mo’s death until after I had already produced this tribute for Jeff Croy’s family, or I would have added much more footage of Mo and made the the video a tribute to Mo as well. I still have all of footage that I filmed of Mo, some that exists no where else on earth but in my care.

    Mo and I had many private conversations about life and treasure diving during our time together, which I treasure forever. It was a tremendous honor to have been considered a friend by the late, dear Mr. Demostenes “Mo” Molinar during the almost two weeks I spent with him on and off the coast of Florida in 2009. ~But being able to dive with Mo… well, that’s a bucket list experience that I could never have dreamed I would be able to cross off in my lifetime.

    God Bless you, Mo. May you find all the treasures Heaven has to offer.

    ~Daniel G. Benes (

    Documentary video featuring private footage of Mo Molinar:

  3. “Mo Molinar has found more treasure than anybody in the world, except for me.”
    Bob Marx (said at Our World Underwater, April 18, 1998, in a lecture entitled Spanish Galleons and the Flor do Mar)

    In one of Carl Fismer’s books he thanked Bob Marx for paying for Mo’s funeral, which shows the high regard that Marx had for Mo.

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